VARICOSE VEINS AND SPIDER VEINSVaricose veins are a painful medical problem affecting people worldwide. They can be related to heredity and lifestyle. Veins can become swollen or varicose due to the failure of valves that prevent blood from flowing backward. This results in the blood becoming stagnant and accumulating in the lower leg. Varicose veins can vary in severity from discolored veins to visible lumps or bulges and a brownish discoloration and open sores of the lower leg. 

Vein problems are known to be related to health and heredity. Treatments for varicose veins may include medical and lifestyle components such as:

Compression stockings that are used to create pressure on the legs, reduce swelling and prevent blood from pooling in the lower legs.  

Radiofrequency ablation, also known as vein closure, is a minimally invasive varicose vein treatment. It uses radiofrequency energy to close off the targeted blood vessels by heating, collapsing and sealing off the varicose vein. Blood is then diverted to the more efficient adjacent veins to ensure the healthy circulation of blood flow in the legs.

The endovenous laser treatment (EVLT) is quickly becoming the gold standard when it comes to the treatment of varicose veins. Endovenous last treatment makes use of laser energy, which is a highly concentrated beam of light. A laser light is sent through the fiber introduced into the vein which caused the vein to close. Once they are closed, the blood automatically starts to flow from other healthy veins in the body. 

Phlebectomy is an invasive surgical procedure that is used to remove surface vein varicosities.

Sclerotherapy is the most common treatment for spider veins and varicose veins. In this process, a tiny amount of liquid is injected into a vein that causes it to shut down.